Palmar Sur is home to the mysterious Pre-Columbian stone spheres found in only few places thru out all of Costa Rica!
What makes these spheres so mysterious is the accuracy to which they were crafted. Diquis orbs ranging from the size of a melon to over two meters in diameter and weighing up to 32,000 lbs have been documented to 96% perfection by way of laser measurements! “The best spheres are perhaps the finest examples of precision stone carving in the ancient world.” These orbs were crafted with such precision that the tape and plum bob measurements of diameter reveal no imperfections.

Most of the highly polished Diquis spheres are sculpted from granodirorite, which is the same material that the Rosetta Stone consists of. No immediate local source exists for the granodirorite, and no stone-working tools have been found near any of the spheres. The granite rock quarries were often 25 to 30 miles away from the largest spheres. Transport of these magnificent artifacts was an engineering feat of its own!

While proper dating for their creation is somewhat speculative, archaeologists have been able to date the artifacts lying around them back to 400 B.C.E. However due to other environmental factors and the possibility of relocation, it is speculated by some that the true age of the spheres dates back 4,000 years – and the product of a much older culture…

Placement of the Diquis spheres is usually found to be of geometric patterns (rectangles, triangles, straight lines), often aligned to point to the earths magnetic north. Another interesting note about their placement is that many have been found near ancient grave sites.

Myths & Legend:
Some local legends tell of a magic potion that was able to make the rock softwn and more easily manipulated. This legend persists to explain other phenomenon such as the precisely carved and fitted stones of Machu Pichu.

Other legends claim that the spheres were part of a game, once played by giants that inhabited the earth.

Still, other legends revolve around the spheres representation of constellations in the sky.

SpheresAbove: One investigator noted that the images carved on one ancient sphere corresponded to a star chart of constellations.

Star Chart
Star chart showing exact constellation believed to be depicted on the stone.
1- M31 Andromeda's galaxy;
2- Mirach (Beta Andromeda);
3- Alpheratz (Alpha Andromeda);
4- Omicron Andromeda;
5- HR8632 in the Lacerta constellation (Yale catalogue of stars);
6- Scheat (Beta Pegasus);
7- Psi Pegasus;
8- Pi Pegasus;
9- Algenib (Gamma Pegasus);
10- Theta, Iota, Lambda, Kappa, Gamma and Omega Pisces;
11- Beta Pisces;
12- Eta Aquarius;
13- Markab (Alpha Pegasus);
14- Homam (Zeta Pegasus);
15- Theta Pegasus;
16- Ancha (Theta Aquarius);
17- Sadalsud (Beta Aquarius);
18- Alpha Equuleus;
19- Enif (Epsilon Pegasus);
20- HR8313 in the Pegasus constellation (Yale catalogue of stars);
21- HR8173 in the Pegasus constellation (Yale catalogue of stars);
22- Delphinus constellation;
?- Figure not yet defined in astronomical context.

It is true that the spheres are often found in groups of a dozen to twenty stones and that these groupings have shown to be aligned to North and South. A stone has also been found carved with petroglyphs that have been attributed to stellar constellations, adding to the "un-earthliness" of their origin.

Where to find them:
Palmar Sur is home to some of the best specimens of these ancient spheres. Once in Palmar Sur, you’ll find them in various places around town, including the banana plantation, as well as in resident’s front yards.

In addition to being viewed in the town of Palmar Sur,  they can also be enjoyed in nearby Sierpe, as well as Cano Island, just 12 miles off the coast of Drake Bay.



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